II 形成の原理

II Principle of Space Order

It is challenging to grasp our country's spatial structure based on the tangible outcome of the spatial formation.

Since space is full of symbolism, subjectivity, mutuality and indeterminateness, a physical object cannot represent the complete picture of its subject.

Of course, it does not mean there appears to be no system to the space. Instead, the order of space could be comprehended by stages of its spatial formation process, independent from tangible results. In other words, it could be understood by functional, structural and symbolic phases.

Here, we introduce some of the iconic, classic Japanese ways of thinking to consider the stepwise provision of spatial systems: the principle of space order.

We look into four factors below as the concepts forming the spatial structure:
 

Orientation
Hierarchical Accessibility
Placement due to Circumstances
Esthetic Triangle

And the other four factors below are the concepts for recognising characteristics of a space, including the qualities and characteristics of space.

 

Formal - Informal
Process Designing
Imaginary Space
Activity Space

Concepts for forming spatial structures

Orientation

方位

Hierarchical Accessibility

​重畳

Placement due to Circumstances

布石

Esthetic Triangle

天地人

Concepts for recognising characteristics of a space

Formal-Informal

真行草

Process Designing

さおび

Imaginary Space

ま (間)

Activity Space

かいわい

Thank you

日本の都市空間 (Nihon no Toshi Kukan) is a book written by 都市デザイン研究体 ('urban design research collective') of the University of Tokyo, supervised by Kenzo Tange, published by Shokokusha originally in 1968. This platform presents principles of urban spaces in Japan from the book, translated in English.

Disclaimer: the English translation is for educational purposes only and not to be utilised for any other uses. I do not own the copyright of the original texts. If there are mistakes or errors to be rectified, please get in touch with Saran Kim.